Pass the CARGO Act: No More Tax Money to Fund Animal Torment Around the World

For 40 years, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been sending taxpayer money by the billions to foreign laboratories around the world to bankroll some of the most atrocious, cruel, and pointless experiments on animals imaginable.

With your help, this may finally come to an end.

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The bipartisan Cease Animal Research Grants Overseas (CARGO) Act (HR 4757), sponsored by Reps. Dina Titus (D-Nev.-01) and Troy Nehls (R-Texas-22) has been introduced in the House of Representatives. The landmark bill would prevent NIH from funding any experiments on animals outside the U.S.

This would prevent situations such as the following: NIH gave more than $17 million to the Malaria Vaccine and Drug Development Center and the Caucaseco Scientific Research Center in Colombia between 2003 and 2023. Both Colombian organizations that conducted experiments on mice, owl monkeys, and humans were shut down by local authorities as a result of PETA’s exposé of animal abuse and research misconduct. But even after we alerted NIH, the agency dragged its feet for another six months before finally shutting off the flow of taxpayer money.

Tax Dollars That Kill

NIH has been in the worldwide animal killing business for a long time.

As far back as the 1980s, NIH gave Australian experimenters nearly half a million of your tax dollars to poison beagles with a horrible herbicide. The dogs got a lethal dose of the poison, known to cause kidney, liver, and respiratory failure as well as seizures. All the dogs endured miserable deaths within a week.

A rat on an operating table was cut open, with his sciatic nerve exposed and electrodes implanted on it, in a foreign lab funded by NIH.Optimization of the electrode drive pattern for imaging fascicular compound action potentials in peripheral nerve with fast neural Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT). Enrico Ravagli et al., Physiological Measurement, 2019. [This picture is one of two images on Figure 2.] | Creative Commons—Attribution 3.0 Unported—CC BY3.0
A rat on an operating table was cut open, with his sciatic nerve exposed and electrodes implanted on it, in a foreign lab funded by NIH.

Today, NIH continues to fund animal suffering in laboratories worldwide.

Tax Dollars That STILL Kill

Foreign facilities received $2.2 billion from NIH between 2011 and 2021 to experiment on animals.

Brains of pigs in an NIH-funded foreign lab show signs of infection by pork tapeworm, a parasite injected by the experimenters into the animals’ carotids.Porcine model of neurocysticercosis by intracarotid injection of Taenia solium oncospheres: Dose assessment, infection outcomes and serological responses. Gianfranco Arroyo et al., PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2022. [These pictures are three of nine images on Figure 1.] | Creative Commons—Attribution 4.0 International—CC BY4.0
Brains of pigs in an NIH-funded foreign lab show signs of infection by pork tapeworm, a parasite injected by the experimenters into the animals’ carotids.

How many more NIH-funded foreign animal laboratories are currently breaking their countries’ laws? NIH doesn’t know. And apparently, it doesn’t care. The agency keeps no tabs on whether the foreign laboratories it funds are violating local laws.

Buying Death Around the World

In South Africa and Germany, NIH paid experimenters to infect monkeys with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), a disease unique to monkeys that isn’t human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) but is studied as though it is. In France, NIH paid to have monkeys blinded. In Tunisia, NIH paid to have rabbits used as bait for sandflies. The agency paid U.K. experimenters to addict rats to cocaine. In Finland, experimenters restrain fully awake rats while poking 500 electrodes in their brains and force them to live like this for months, all on the NIH dole.

A rabbit is on an operating table in a foreign lab funded by NIH before experimenters exposed their larynx and cut their vocal cords.Functional analysis of injectable substance treatment on surgically injured rabbit vocal folds. Sarah Bouhabel et al., Journal of Voice, 2023. | Creative Commons—Attribution 4.0 International—CC BY4.0
A rabbit is on an operating table in a foreign lab funded by NIH before experimenters exposed their larynx and cut their vocal cords.

That’s just the beginning. A fuller list of the gruesome experiments NIH has funded can be found here.

Recipients of Your Tax Dollars

Which institutions have enjoyed your tax money? Here are a few of them. Their records of animal care should have given NIH pause.

In 2017, a laboratory at the University of Calgary was accused of “negligent behavior.” Students reported that “on many occasions the rats would wake up in the middle of a surgical procedure in excruciating pain, ‘crying, screaming and fighting’” and pointed out that even after their complaint to the university’s animal care committee, the “alleged inhumane treatment continued for several more months.”

Experimenter Stuart Baker—who received nearly half a million in U.S. funding in 2023—used to travel to Nairobi to experiment on baboons who had been kidnapped from their homes in the African plains. Baker admitted that “the experiments wouldn’t be allowed” in the U.K. but that “the welfare concerns … do not apply to his work in Africa.”

Experimenters from this Canadian university are responsible for the suffering of mice, who “were purposefully subjected to intense pain without anesthesia” in experiments whose only purpose was to see the animals’ grimacing facial expressions.

At a monkey laboratory at this Swedish institute, “several monkeys have died due to accidents. … Monkeys have, for example, been squeezed to death, or have gotten stuck in interior details within the cages and therefore died. Other monkeys have died under anesthesia.”

Parkinson’s experiments at this university left monkeys suffering from “considerable disability.”

The monkeys are not able to move normally, have problems with balance and coordination, cannot feed themselves properly, have tremors and periods of rigidity of their bodies and loss of ability to perform normal gestures that are forms of communication between individuals. Although we cannot be certain what is going through the minds of these monkeys as they lose their ability to control their bodies, it has to be extremely frightening for them. The disability caused by the poisoning was so severe in four of the monkeys that these individuals had to be killed right after the PET scanning.

—Dr. Nedim Buyukmihci, a veterinary expert and emeritus professor at the University of California–Davis who reviewed the research

Experimenters “carried out ‘traumatic’ eye surgery, injecting drugs into rabbits’ eyes and sewing them shut. Six rabbits were operated on for eye implants and left for a month before being killed.” [2019 Source]. Last year, the university performed the forced swim test 31 times.

The CARGO Act Is the Solution

The CARGO Act would spare animals these terrible fates while improving science worldwide because experiments on animals overwhelmingly fail to lead to treatments for humans. A full 95% of new medications that test safe and effective on animals go on to fail in human trials. American tax dollars should support only the best research.

The CARGO Act would also save moneylots of it. NIH shelled out about $2.2 billion in taxpayer funding to foreign organizations during the decade ending in 2021. This money went to approximately 200 foreign organizations and funded 1,177 grants and 180 contracts involving experiments on animals in 45 countries.

It would stop corruption. NIH bankrolls these organizations but has zero oversight regarding how they operate or how the money is spent. Roughly 90% of the foreign organizations who received NIH funding in the last five years are exempt from its audits. The agency doesn’t inspect foreign laboratories or arrange third-party inspections to ensure that the facilities meet animal welfare standards.

Unbelievably, NIH also sends out checks without even verifying that claims in grant applications and progress reports are true.

The agency appears to just hand over fistfuls of taxpayer money and simply trust foreign organizations to report—if they’re so inclined—any information about finances, facilities, and animal welfare.

These organizations have endorsed the CARGO Act:

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Four paws logo
center for a humane economy logo
direct action everywhere logo
ballydidean farm sanctuary logo
carriage horse freedom logo
chance at life cat rescue logo
Species Unite logo
Turpentine creek logo
social compassion in legislation logo
animal defenders international logo
american anti-vivisection society logo
animal advocates of south central pa
animal rights hawaii logo
dutchess county spca logo
dane for dogs logo
compassion consortium logo
Christian animal rights association logo
center for great apes logo
aat johns hopkins center for alternatives to animal testing logo
Humane long island logo
humane society NY logo
Humane action pittsburgh
International foundation for ethical research logo
In defense of animals logo
InVitro international logo
Population balance logo
Pasado's safe haven logo
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North American Primate Sanctuary Alliance logo
National hispanic medical association
NAVS logo
Michelson center for public policy logo
Main street vegan academy logo
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dolphin project logo
rise for animals logo
Spca logo
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Their turn logo
World animal protection logo

What You Can Do

Please join thousands of supporters of commonsense legislation and take action to urge your U.S. representative to support the CARGO Act today!

Take Action Now!